Freedom – European Brown Bear

Freedom is a female European Brown Bear (Ursus arctos arctos), born early January 2018. She is the full sister and playmate for Joyce, her enclosure mate. Even though she has no health issues, her sister was born with entropium and shows that while the parents are a healthy breeding pair, there is an issue within the gene pool. She is a gift for the Foundation, as her previous facility gave her to us because she would have a permanent home and lifelong playmate. They were assured we would provide the best care and attention that they deserve.

The European Brown Bear has brown fur, which can range from yellow-brownish to dark brown, red brown, and almost black in some cases; and even albinism has been recorded. Their fur is dense to varying degrees and the can grow up to 4 inches in length. The shape of the bear’s head is normally quite round with relatively small, round ears, a wide skull and a mouth equipped with 42 teeth, including predatory teeth. European Brown Bears have a powerful bone structure, large paws, and are equipped with big claws which can grow up to 4 inches in length. Their weight varies depending on habitat and time of the year.

Brown Bears are not full hibernators; they enter a dormant state, and they can be awakened easily. They locate a den, such as a cave, crevice or hollow log, and stay their during the winter months while they are in dormancy. During dormancy, cubs are born blind, hairless, toothless and they weigh less than 1 pound. They will feed on their mother’s milk until spring, when they will weigh about 15-20 pounds. The cubs will remain with their mother for 2-4 years.

European Brown bears were present in Britain until around 500 AD when they were exterminated through hunting. They were also used in Ancient Rome for fighting in arenas. Today they are found across northern Eurasia.

The European Brown Bear is a European Protected Species and it has protection throughout the European Union.

European Brown Bear Statistics:

Body Size 6.5 to 9.5 feet tail: 2-8 inches
Weight Males: 580 – 780 lbs Females: 330 – 550 lbs
Gestation Period 235 days
Litter Size 1 – 4 cubs
Life Span 25 years in the wild
Protection Status Least Concern