Toothless is a male Black Niger Uromastyx lizard who was born in 2013. He is a very rare species of lizard and has joined our reptile education program as an ambassador of his species.
Uromastyx is a genus of lizard in the agamid family, the same family as the bearded dragon. The Uromastyx is commonly known as the spiny-tailed agamid, aptly named for the 10 to 30 rings of spiked scales covering its tail. The Uromastyx lizard comes in a variety of colors including brown, black, blue, green, yellow, red and combinations of colors like black with green or blue with yellow.
There are several members of the Uromastyx family:
• Uromastyx acanthinura – Bell’s dabb lizard
• Uromastyx aegyptia – Egyptian mastigure
• Uromastyx alfredschmidti – Schmidt’s mastigure
• Uromastyx benti – Bent’s mastigure
• Uromastyx dispar – Sudan mastigure
- Uromastyx (dispar) flavifasciata
- Uromastyx (dispar) maliensis – Mali uromastyx
• Uromastyx geyri – Saharan spiny-tailed lizard
• Uromastyx macfadyeni – Macfadyen’s mastigure
• Uromastyx occidentalis – Giant spiny-tailed lizard
• Uromastyx ocellata – Eyed dabb lizard
• Uromastyx ornata – Ornate mastigure
• Uromastyx princeps – Princely mastigure
• Uromastyx thomasi – Oman spiny-tailed lizard
• Uromastyx yemenensis – Yemen spiny-tailed lizard
These primarily herbivorous reptiles eat a variety of mixed greens including collard greens, bok choy and spring mix salad, as well as chopped vegetables like carrots, squash, broccoli and Brussel’s sprouts. Their diet also includes bird seed and occasionally crickets and mealworms.
Uromastyx lizards are active during daylight hours and require a well-lit enclosure with temperatures ranging between 80 to 100 degrees Fahrenheit with areas over 120 degrees for basking.
For protection, the Uromastyx will swing its muscular and heavily spiked tail at the threat, while hissing and displaying its teeth. It will generally sleep in burrows with its tail closest to the opening in order to prevent intruders.
The Uromastyx is a desert dwelling reptile inhabiting most of North Africa, the Middle East and south-central Asia to India.
|Body Length||10 – 36 inches short tail|
|Sheds||Every 4 – 6 weeks females smaller|
|Incubation Period||70 – 80 days|
|Number of Eggs||5 – 40|
|Life Span||15 years on average, some exceeding 30 years|